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Motor Neurone Disease (MND)

What is MND? 

Motor Neurone disease (MND) is the name for a group of diseases. These diseases affect nerves known as motor nerves, or motor neurons.  

Motor neurons carry messages from the brain to the muscles via the spinal cord. These messages allow us to make movements like walking, swallowing, talking and breathing. 

In MND, these neurons degenerate and die. This causes the muscles to become weaker and weaker. This eventually leads to paralysis. 


Signs and Symptoms 

Symptoms of motor neurone disease happen gradually and may not be obvious at first. 

Early signs can include: 

  • weakness in your ankle or leg – you might trip, or find it harder to climb stairs 
  • slurred speech, which may develop into difficulty swallowing some foods 
  • a weak grip – you might drop things, or find it hard to open jars or do up buttons 
  • muscle cramps and twitches 
  • weight loss – your arms or leg muscles may have become thinner over time 
  • difficulty stopping yourself from crying or laughing in inappropriate situations 


What causes MND? 

It's caused by a problem with cells in the brain and nerves called motor neurones.  



Currently there is no cure for MND, but much can be done to help manage symptoms. However, Motor Neurone Disease gets gradually worse over time. Being referred to a specialist as early as possible can help you access the right support. 

For more MND information and resources to help you make treatment decisions, please visit:  


How can Independent Living help? 

Here’s a small selection of products to help make daily living with MND easier. 

Our team can advise on more products specifically suited to your needs – instore or on 0800 625 100  

These services may also be of use.  

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